NCERT Solutions Class 12

NCERT Solutions Class 12

Determinants : NCERT Solutions – Class 12 Maths (Ex 3)

Exercise 4.3

1. Find the area of the triangle with vertices at the points given in each of the following:

(i) (1, 0), (6, 0), (4, 3)

(ii) (2, 7), (1, 1), (10, 8)

(iii)  

Ans. (i) Area of triangle = Modulus of  = 

 =  =  =  sq. units

(ii) Area of triangle = Modulus of  = 

 = 

 = 

 =  sq. units

(iii) Area of triangle = Modulus of  = 

 = 15 sq. units


 

2. Show that the points A B C are collinear.

Ans. Area of triangle ABC = Modulus of  = 

 = 0

Therefore, points A, B and C are collinear.


 

3. Find values of  if area of triangle is 4 sq. units and vertices are:

(i)  

(ii)  

Ans. (i) Given: Area of triangle = Modulus of  = 4

 Modulus of  = 4

 

 

 

 

Taking positive sign, 

 

Taking negative sign, 

 

(ii) Given: Area of triangle = Modulus of  = 4

  = 4

 

 

 

 

Taking positive sign, 

 

Taking negative sign, 

 


 

4. (i) Find the equation of the line joining (1, 2) and (3, 6) using determinants.

(ii) Find the equation of the line joining (3, 1) and (9, 3) using determinants.

Ans. (i) Let P be any point on the line joining the points (1, 2) and (3, 6).

Then, Area of triangle that could be formed by these points is zero.

 Area of triangle = Modulus of  = 0

 Modulus of  = 0

 

 

 

  which is required line.

(ii) Let P be any point on the line joining the points (3, 1) and (9, 3).

Then, Area of triangle that could be formed by these points is zero.

 Area of triangle = Modulus of  = 0

 Modulus of  = 0

 

 

 

   which is required line.


 

5. If area of triangle is 35 sq. units with vertices  and  Then  is:

(A) 12

(B)  

(C)  

(D)  

Ans. Given: Area of triangle = Modulus of  = 35

 Modulus of  = 35

 

 

 

 

 

Taking positive sign, 

 

Taking negative sign, 

 

Therefore, option (D) is correct.

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